The mausoleum of Mughal ruler Humayun is located in the Indian city of India. It is also called Tomb A Humayun Turkish – Humayun Kabri. It was designed by Persian architect Mirak Mirza Ghias who was chosen by Bega begum. It is said that inspired by the Taj Mahal it was formed. The tomb was recognized by Akbar (son of Humayun) in 1569 – 1570.
Humayun’s Tomb History, Architecture
Humayun’s tomb is situated near the old fort of Delhi, which was established in Humayun in 1533. This is the first tomb that the red stone has been used to build. There are many monuments inside this tomb. We enter the south entrance and see the monument. It was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1993, because of the tomb being attractive.
After this, its reputation spread all over the world. The tomb is included in the list of buildings and monuments of Mughal period. The tomb of Humayun is built near Yamuna beach as Nizamuddin Dargah is near the Yamuna coast. Near the Humayun Tomb, the tomb of Sufi saint Nizamuddin Auliya remains. There is also the Bataswala Tomb near Humayun’s Tomb. A wall has been built between these two. From where a short path also emerges.
After the death of Humayun, the care of the tomb
Humayun died on January 20, 1556, when his body was buried in the old fort of Delhi. But the fear was that Hindu King Hemu, who had defeated the Mughal army of Agra and Delhi in 1556, where he did not acquire the old fort of Delhi and did not destroy the tomb. With this view, the tomb was set up in Sirhind, Punjab, in Khangar Baig. Then in 1558, the tomb was monitored by the Mughal ruler and Humayun’s son, Akbar. The work continued in this way and later in 1571, Akbar had visited it again. Then it was almost made.
After 9 years of Humayun’s death, the tomb work began in 1565 and ended in 1572. Then the total money spent in this construction was 1.5 million, which was raised by Bega Begum. Begum Begum was extremely sad after Humayun’s death in 1556 and he was determined to build this tomb. According to contemporary historian Abd al-Qadir Bandaiuni, this mausoleum was founded by Persian architect Mirak Mirza Ghias.
Who was called from Bukhara, Herat (Uzbekistan) for the special work of this building. But they could not complete this task and died in the middle. Then this work was completed in the care of his son Syed Muhammad ibn Miraq Thiyahuddin. Then the tomb was completed in 1571.
There were changes in this complex from time to time. It is said that a white awning was placed on the graves and the books were kept in front of it. Humayun’s sword, shoe and turban was also there. The gardens were spread over 13 hectares, which could not be looked after because the capital was made of Agra and the Mughals did not have much money left to look after the gardens.
In the 18th century, people started growing vegetables in these gardens. In 1860, this Mughal style turned into English style. The trees had started to grow trees. Sarovar has been converted into round rotation. Lord Curzon made several improvements in the 20th century. Between 1903 – 09 a project has been started for the restoration of this tomb complex. In which sandstone was planted in water drains. Plantations have been done. In many places, the shirts were made.
During the Partition of India in 1947, the refugees assumed the old fort of Delhi and Humayun’s tomb as a refuge. Later on by doing so, the Indian government controlled it. People continued to damage the building, but middle-aged improvements were also done. It was re-introduced in 2003 by the Aga Khan Cultural Trust. Completed the work of water flow in the water drains. The trust was given the gift as gift to the trust.
The splendor of this building looks beautiful with four-legged surroundings. These gardens have remained on the basis of geometry. The water drain drains from the main gate to the tomb. These gardens have been built in the same way as the Quran has been told about ‘Jannat ki Bagh’.
Humayun’s body has been buried in two separate places in this tomb. This tomb is about 150 graves. There are gardens all around. Apart from Humayun’s grave, his wife Hamida Bano, the eldest son of Shah Jahan, is the grave of Dara Shikoh and other Mughal rulers. In fact, this mausoleum is a wonderful model of Mughal architecture, and its charming garden-garden makes its splendor four-moon.